Jaipur : Smart City Ideas

Jaipur ; Smart City ( This article was written in 2016)
By
Colonel PK Royal – Mehrishi ( Retd)
Introduction :
According to census 2011, metropolitan Jaipur had a population of 36,46,590
with a ten yearly growth pegged at 27 %. In sheer numbers we will be as large as
Washington DC with a population of about 42 lacs by end 2019. The problems
confronting us are many but the concept of a fully functional smart city can
become the harbinger of hope & change for the betterment of our society & city
as a whole. Before we commence making Jaipur a smart city, the first step is to
have a city registry wherein all residents are accounted for. Floating population/
migrant workers need to have verifiable ID and declared place of residence with
the landlord registering the tenant at the nearest police station. Non compliance
should attract heavy financial penalties. Benefits can reach a target audience
only when the numbers are identified. In this case it is the whole city.
Definition: A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and
social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication
infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life,
with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and
engagement. Essentials for Jaipur as a smart city are:-
 Smart construction
 Energy efficiency
 Environment friendly
 Effective transportation
 Easy healthcare
 Quality education
 Strengthened IT & Communication
 Structural Planning
 Safety & security
 Tourism development
1. Smart Construction – of residential, commercial & institutional buildings.
Plans need to be made for making it mandatory to have systems of conservation
of environmental resources like electricity & water by effective installation of roof
top solar panels & water harvesting. This it self will lead to a saving of 30% of
water & 40% of reduction of supplied electricity usage. Buildings also need to be
quake resistant and merge with the overall aesthetics of the surrounding area
within the city. All external electricity connections can be made underground in a
phased manner. Renewable & clean energy will lead to sustainable growth &
lower the burden on the customer (end user)
2. Energy Efficiency – continuous electric supply, 24×7 in line with the objectives
of the 12th five year plan. Low cost meters & a transparent system will ensure
near zero theft /pilferage. While keeping the generation & transmission with the
Government, supply of electricity can also be planned to be brought in the ambit
of privatization.
3. Environment Friendly – recycling mechanisms & proper sanitation is a birth
right of every citizen. Solid waste management, house to house collection of
waste, clean & well swept streets & litter free public spaces is what Jaipur needs.
A Swacch Jaipur cess levied as a mandatory expense should be enforced
through individual electricity bills. ( eg ; Rs 100/- for a 100 Sq yd plot & so on for
residential premises, a different higher yardstick for public /commercial spaces &
lowered one for educational Institutions)
4. Effective Transportation – citizens should have easy access to
transportation within 800 meters of their dwellings. Transit time within city should
not be more than 30 -45 minutes. Vehicle licenses should only be given to
persons having the facility of parking /garaging. Driving license issuance should
be made stringent to have better traffic management. Green transportation is the
future to keep the city from choking in pollution. Metro rail, electric hybrid
vehicles, mono rails, cycles & cycle tracks are a key constituent of this exercise.
Up gradation & widening of roads/culverts /bridges within the city have to be
implemented on a war footing to avoid traffic snarls & road congestion.
5. Easy Health Care– is what keeps the city ticking; a specialized hospital for
every one lac of populace, a diagnostic centre for 50,000 & at least a dispensary
for 15,000 will make health care accessible to all. While allotting license for
opening of hospitals care should be exercised on mapping of existing hospitals
as per population density. Areas bereft of accessible specialist facility need to be
addressed first and allotted a license as per area. Insurance, & health care sector
should work together to make state – of – the –art facility available to the needy.
6. Quality Education – is the need of the hour to make global citizens. A
minimum of one school per lakh of population a college for 1.25 lac & at least
one technical, engineering & medical college for a 10 lac population should be
the norm. all educational Institutions should have accredit ion from a recognized
central agency. For all children studying from lower/upper KG upwards, there
should be classes for moral science, hygiene & sanitation & inculcating civic
sense as mandatory periods every day. (frequency of periods can be decided by
a governing body) our future will depend on these young citizens who will
implement these values & make the smart city concept sustainable.
7. Strengthening IT & Communication– technology should be able to replace
humans for mundane & repetitive work. Broadband connectivity & wi- fi
connections in the entire city should become a reality. An application for the
safety of women, CCTV cameras, sensors at road crossings and stringent
penalty for traffic light violations will have to be put in place. Enhanced use of
internet/LAN facility for downloading forms, submitting applications & move
towards paperless Government offices should become the aim. “Work efficiently
& Work smart” should become the ethos /working style.
8. Structural Planning – is to ensure that 95% of the population should have
convenient access to the workplace through ample private /public transport,
bicycles, walking etc. Shops/Malls, parks & primary schools need to be within
400 meters from the residences of citizens. Landscaping & specially designated
green areas need to be created to add to the “lungs” of the city. Affordable
housing can be created in Transit Oriented Development zones to help the
economically weaker sections and avoid the problem of slums. Additional sports
stadiums with full sports facilities can be planned per 5 lac population.
9. Safety &Security – a smart city will only be livable if it provides adequate
safety & security to its residents. Having a detailed city registry, work permits to
be organized by the contractor for floating /migrating labour population, domicile
status, linking of all police stations on line, better communication & well trained
police & SWAT teams to take on emergencies will complement the effort. A
comprehensive disaster relief plan (SOP) needs to be worked out and upgraded
every year.
10. Tourism Development – being a world renowned tourist destination, a lot
needs to be done on this front. A better International airport with quick & efficient
check – in / check- out procedures, more number of International flights, a better
bus stand & improved rail station are all part of this planning. Licensed taxi
drivers with GPS fitted cars & a dedicated tourist special police wing will add to
the confidence of the traveler / tourist. Tourist guides need to be profiled for
criminal cases / delinquent behavior so as to avoid embarrassment to the
industry. It is well known that tourism is a revenue earner & gainfully employs a
vast spectrum of the populace. Some monuments can be leased to a sponsor
who will pay for the upkeep & maintenance of its premises. Inner city is a
charming tourist hub, promenades, fountains, sit -outs with clear no vehicle
zones can allure the most cynical tourist. Well lit monuments, sightseeing by
night, sound & light shows, cultural programs can add to the charm of Jaipur.
Conclusion
A smart, functional & sustainable Jaipur city will require the active participation of
all stakeholders viz State Government, local bodies, teachers, colonizers, central
agencies, resident welfare associations, shop keepers associations and above all
each & every citizen. A dedicated local TV channel educating the people on the
smart city concept, articles in the print media, handouts, brochures and street
corner meetings to take people on board & have their willing co –operation in
achieving this as per time lines in the way forward.
Jai Hind

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